8.2.1. Editing of the damaged body

Fig. 8.4. The main help sizes for check of a body floor: 0 – basic lines; 1 – axes of forward bolts of fastening of extensions of a forward suspension bracket; 2 – center of a support of a forward suspension bracket of the power unit; 3 – center of a support of the left suspension bracket of the power unit; 4 – centers of the top hinges of forward telescopic racks of a forward suspension bracket; 5 – centers of hinges of levers of a forward suspension bracket; 6 – points of intersection of axes of welded bolts of fastening of the steering mechanism with surfaces of arms; 7 – points of fastening of a back support of a suspension bracket of the power unit; 8 – points of intersection of axes of back welded bolts of fastening of levers of a back suspension bracket with surfaces of back longerons; 9 – centers of the top support of shock-absorbers of a back suspension bracket

Considerable part of repair work on the cars especially arriving after the road accidents are the share of repair of bodies. In most cases at repair check of geometry of points of fastening of knots and units of the chassis of the car is required. The main help sizes for check are shown in fig. 8.4.
Damages of a body of cars can be the most various. Therefore rules of repair in each separate case have to be, the most suitable for these damages, at the same time it is necessary to use possibilities of a rikhtovka of the damaged panels as much as possible. It is whenever possible necessary to avoid thermal impact on metal not to break factory welding and anticorrosive protection of a body. To remove front panels of a body only in extreme cases to define places of damages, to correct or verify a body.
In cases of considerable damages of a body it is recommended to remove all internal obivochny details to facilitate measurement, control and installation of hydraulic and screw jacks for elimination of distortions and damages of a body.

Fig. 8.5. Help linear sizes of apertures of doors and back side windows

Fig. 8.6. Help linear sizes of apertures of wind and back windows

Editing it is necessary to restore the initial linear sizes and locations of power units, the sizes of apertures of a wind window, cowl, doors (fig. 8.5, 8.6).
Vystupaniye of the front surfaces and removable details of rather next panels is eliminated with their adjustment and adjustment.