7.4.3. Possible malfunctions, their reasons and methods of elimination

Cause of defect
Elimination method
At inclusion of a starter the anchor does not rotate, the traction relay does not work
1. The rechargeable battery is faulty or completely discharged
1. Charge the battery or replace
2. Polar conclusions of the rechargeable battery and tips of wires are strongly oxidized; tips are poorly tightened
2. Clear polar conclusions and tips of wires, tighten and grease with vaseline
3. Mezhvitkovy short circuit in the involving winding of the traction relay, its short circuit on "weight" or break
3. Replace the traction relay
4. Break in a power-supply circuit of the traction relay of a starter
4. Check wires and their connections in a chain between the plugs "50" of a starter and the switch of ignition
5. A contact part of the switch of ignition is faulty: contacts "30" and "50" do not become isolated
5. Replace a contact part of the switch of ignition
6. Jamming of an anchor of the traction relay
6. Remove the relay, check ease of movement of an anchor
At inclusion of a starter the anchor does not rotate or rotates too slowly, the traction relay works
1. The rechargeable battery is faulty or discharged
1. Charge the battery or replace
2. Polar conclusions of the rechargeable battery and tips of wires are oxidized; tips are poorly tightened
2. Clear polar conclusions and tips of wires, tighten and grease with vaseline
3. Fastening of tips of the wire connecting the power unit to the rechargeable battery weakened
3. Tighten fastenings of tips of a wire
4. Contact bolts of the traction relay are oxidized or nuts of fastening of tips of wires on contact bolts weakened
4. Smooth out contact bolts, tighten nuts of fastening of wires
5. Podgoraniye of a collector, lag of brushes or their wear
5. Smooth out a collector, replace brushes
6. Break or short circuit in an anchor winding
6. Replace an anchor
At inclusion of a starter the traction relay repeatedly works and is switched-off
1. The rechargeable battery is discharged
1. Charge the battery
2. Break or short circuit in the holding winding of the traction relay
2. Replace the traction relay
3. Big power failure in a power-supply circuit of the traction relay because of strong oxidation of tips of wires
3. Check wires and their connections in a chain from the rechargeable battery to the starter plug "50"
At inclusion of a starter the anchor rotates, the flywheel does not rotate
1. Pro-slipping of the coupling of a free wheeling
1. Check a starter at the stand, replace the coupling
2. Reducer gear wheels are damaged
2. Replace the damaged gear wheels
Unusual noise of a starter at rotation of an anchor
1. Excessive wear of inserts of bearings of shaft of an anchor and drive
1. Replace inserts or covers and support with inserts
2. Excessive wear of the plug of a shaft of the drive in a coupling case
2. Replace the plug
3. Fastening of a starter weakened or its cover from the drive is broken
3. Tighten nuts of fastening or replace a starter
4. The starter is fixed with a distortion
4. Check fastening of a starter
5. Reducer gear wheels are damaged
5. Replace the damaged gear wheels
6. Teeths of a gear wheel of the drive or a wreath of a flywheel are damaged
6. Replace the drive or a flywheel
7. The gear wheel does not leave gearing with a flywheel: - jamming of the coupling on drive shaft vents - jamming of an anchor of the traction relay
7. Do the following: - clear vents and oil them engine - replace the traction relay or eliminate jamming