7.2.1. Possible malfunctions, their reasons and methods of elimination

Cause of defect
           Elimination method
                                                   The category of the battery at operation of the car
1. Slipping of a belt of the drive of the generator
1. Adjust a belt tension
2. The generator is faulty
2. Check the generator
3. Damage of isolation to system of electric equipment (category current more than 11 мА at the disconnected consumers)
3. Find the place of leakage of current and eliminate damage
4. Connection of new consumers by the owner of the car over admissible limits
4. Disconnect new consumers of the electric power
5. Excessive pollution of a surface of the battery
5. Clear the surface of the battery
6. Electrolyte pollution by foreign impurity
6. Charge the battery, merge electrolyte, wash out, fill in fresh electrolyte and again charge the battery
7. Level of electrolyte is lower than the top edge of plates
7. Restore the normal level of electrolyte
8. Short circuit between plates
8. Replace the battery
Electrolyte on the surface of the battery
1. The increased electrolyte level leading to slopping
1. Establish the normal level of electrolyte
2. Infiltration of electrolyte through cracks in the case
2. Replace the battery
3. Boiling of electrolyte owing to very high voltage of the generator
3. Replace the generator tension regulator
4. Boiling of electrolyte and an overheat of the battery because of sulphation of plates
4. Replace the battery