4.2.2. Possible malfunctions, their reasons and methods of elimination

Cause of defect
Elimination method
Noise and knock in a suspension bracket at the movement of the car
1. Shock-absorbers are faulty
1. Replace or repair shock-absorbers
2. Fastening of shock-absorbers weakened or plugs of eyes of shock-absorbers and rubber pillows wore out
2. Tighten bolts and nuts of fastening of shock-absorbers, replace the worn-out or damaged details
3. Wear of rubber plugs of levers of a suspension bracket
3. Replace plugs
4. Draft or breakage of a spring
4. Replace a spring
5. Knock from "breakdown" of a suspension bracket owing to destruction of the buffer of the course of compression or an overload of a back suspension bracket
5. Replace the damaged buffers, unload a back suspension bracket of the car
Withdrawal of the car from the rectilinear movement
1. Draft or breakage of one of suspension bracket springs
1. Replace a spring
2. Shift of a back axis of the car owing to wear of plugs of levers of a suspension bracket
2. Replace plugs
3. Deformation of levers of a suspension bracket
3. Replace suspension bracket levers assembled
Frequent "breakdowns" of a back suspension bracket
1. The back axis of the car is overloaded
1. Unload a back axis
2. Draft or breakage of a spring
2. Replace a spring
3. Shock-absorbers do not work
3. Replace or repair shock-absorbers