4.1.2. Possible malfunctions, their reasons and methods of elimination

Cause of defect
Elimination method
Noise and knock in a suspension bracket at the movement of the car
1. Suspension bracket racks are faulty
1. Replace or repair racks
2. Bolts of fastening of arms of extensions or bolts of fastening of a bar of the stabilizer of cross resistance to a body weakened. Wear of rubber pillows of extensions or bar
2. Tighten bolts, replace worn-out pillows
3. Fastening of the top support of a rack of a suspension bracket to a body weakened
3. Tighten nuts of fastening of the top support
4. Draft, gaps, peeling of rubber from the case of a support are resistant
4. Replace a rack support
5. Wear of rubber-metal hinges of levers of a suspension bracket, extensions or racks of a bar of the stabilizer
5. Replace hinges
6. Wear of the spherical hinge of the lever of a suspension bracket
6. Replace the spherical hinge
7. Draft or breakage of a spring of a suspension bracket
7. Replace a spring
8. Destruction of the buffer of the course of compression
8. Replace the buffer
9. Big imbalance of wheels
9. Balance wheels
Dribble of liquid from a rack (the shock-absorber of a back suspension bracket)
1. Wear or destruction of an epiploon of a rod
2. Zaboina, the tease on a rod, damage of a chromic covering
1. Replace an epiploon
2. Replace the worn-out or damaged rod and an epiploon
3. Shrinkage or damage of a sealing ring of the case of a rack (shock-absorber tank)
3. Replace a ring
Insufficient resistance of a rack of a suspension bracket (the shock-absorber of a back suspension bracket) at the return course
1. Leakage of the valve of return or perepuskny valve
1. Replace the damaged details or eliminate their malfunctions
2. Insufficient amount of liquid owing to leak
2. Replace the damaged details and fill in liquid
3. Teases on the cylinder and a piston ring
3. Replace the damaged details and liquid
4. Wear or damage of a ftoroplastovy layer of the directing plug
4. Replace the directing plug
5. Return valve spring draft
5. Replace a spring
6. Existence in liquid of foreign impurity
6. Filter liquid or replace it
Insufficient resistance of a rack of a suspension bracket (the shock-absorber of a back suspension bracket) at the compression course
1. Leakage of the valve of compression
1. Replace the damaged details or eliminate their malfunctions
2. Insufficient amount of liquid because of leak
2. Replace the damaged details and fill in liquid
3. Wear of a rod or damage of a ftoroplastovy layer of the directing plug
3. Replace worn-out details
4. Existence in liquid of foreign impurity
4. Filter or replace liquid
5. Wear, deformation or destruction of disks of valves of compression
5. Replace the worn-out or damaged disks
Frequent "breakdowns" of a suspension bracket
1. Suspension bracket spring draft
1. Replace a spring
2. The rack (the shock-absorber of a back suspension bracket) does not work
2. Replace or repair a rack (the shock-absorber of a back suspension bracket)
The increased gap in the spherical hinge
Wear of the rubbing surfaces of details of the spherical hinge as a result of the pollution caused by leakage or damage of a cover
Replace the spherical hinge
Withdrawal of the car from the rectilinear movement
1. Different pressure of air in tires
1. Establish normal pressure
2. Violation of angles of installation of wheels
2. Adjust the angles of installation of wheels
3. Destruction of one of the top support of racks of a suspension bracket
3. Replace a rack support
4. Unequal elasticity of springs of a suspension bracket
4. Replace the spring which lost elasticity
5. A considerable difference in wear of tires
5. Replace worn-out tires
6. The raised imbalance of forward wheels
6. Balance wheels
The increased wear of a protector of tires
1. Too sharp dispersals with pro-slipping of wheels
1. Avoid sharp dispersals
2. Frequent use of brakes with blocking of wheels
2. When braking you do not bring a wheel to blocking
3. The angles of installation of wheels are broken
3. Adjust the angles of installation of wheels
4. Car overload
4. Do not exceed the permissible load specified in the operation manual
Uneven wear of a protector of tires
1. The increased speed on turn
1. Reduce speed on turn
2. Big wear of spherical hinges of levers of a suspension bracket and rubber-metal hinges
2. Repair a suspension bracket
3. Imbalance of wheels
3. Balance wheels